مشاهیر

بیوگرافی کارگردان سینما، Steven Allan Spielberg (استیون اسپیلبرگ)

استیون آلن اسپیلبرگ (به انگلیسی: Steven Allan Spielberg؛ زادهٔ ۱۸ دسامبر ۱۹۴۶) کارگردان، تهیه‌کننده و فیلم‌نامه‌نویس آمریکایی یهودی، برنده ۳ جایزه اسکار و یکی از موفقترین کارگردانان تاریخ سینما، هم در میان منتقدان و هم در بین مردم عادی است.

زندگی


اسپیلبرگ در یک خانواده یهودی در سینسیناتی در اوهایو به دنیا آمد. مادرش لیا آلدر (نی پوسنر؛ ۱۹۲۰–۲۰۱۷) یک صاحب رستوران و پیانیست کنسرت و پدرش، آرنولد اسپیلبرگ (زاده ۱۹۱۷)، یک مهندس برق که در یک شرکت توسعه رایانه کار می‌کرد. او دوران کودکی و نوجوانی‌اش را در شهر هدن، نیوجرسی جایی که اولین فیلم زندگیش را در یک تئاتر دید و همچنین سکاتسدیل، آریزونا که در طول نوجوانی‌اش یک فیلم آماتور ۸ میلی‌متری ماجراجویی با دوستان خود ساخت، سپری کرد.

او از موفق‌ترین کارگردانان سینما در زمینه تجاری محسوب می‌شود که با فیلم‌های آرواره‌ها (۱۹۷۵)، ئی.تی. موجود فرازمینی (۱۹۸۲) و پارک ژوراسیک (۱۹۹۳) رکورد فروش سینمای جهان را شکست و هریک از این فیلم‌ها پرفروش‌ترین فیلم دوران خود بودند. مجموع فروش فیلم‌های ساخت اسپیلبرگ تاکنون به رقم چشم‌گیر ۸٫۵ میلیارد دلار رسیده‌است و نشریه اقتصادی فوربز ثروت این فیلم‌ساز آمریکایی را بیش از ۳ میلیارد دلار برآورد کرده‌است.

فیلم شناسی


Year Film Director Producer Writer Other Notes
1959 The Last Gun Yes Yes Actor
1961 Fighter Squad Yes Yes
Escape to Nowhere Yes Yes
1964 Firelight Yes Yes

Theatrical releases

Year Film Director Producer Writer Other Notes
1968 Amblin’ Yes Yes
1971 Duel Yes
1974 The Sugarland Express Yes Yes
1975 Jaws Yes
1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind Yes Yes
1978 I Wanna Hold Your Hand Yes executive producer
1979 1941 Yes
1980 The Blues Brothers Yes Cook County Assessor’s Office Clerk
Used Cars Yes executive producer
1981 Continental Divide Yes executive producer
Raiders of the Lost Ark Yes
1982 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Yes Yes
Poltergeist Yes Yes
1983 Twilight Zone: The Movie Yes Yes segment “Kick the Can”
1984 Gremlins Yes Man in Electric Wheelchair, also executive producer
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Yes
Room 666 Yes Himself
1985 Fandango Yes executive producer
Back to the Future Yes executive producer
The Color Purple Yes Yes
The Goonies Yes Yes also executive producer
Young Sherlock Holmes Yes executive producer
1986 An American Tail Yes executive producer
The Money Pit Yes executive producer
1987 *batteries not included Yes executive producer
Empire of the Sun Yes Yes
Harry and the Hendersons Yes executive producer, uncredited
Innerspace Yes executive producer
Three O’Clock High Yes executive producer
1988 The Land Before Time Yes executive producer
Who Framed Roger Rabbit Yes executive producer
1989 Always Yes Yes
Back to the Future Part II Yes executive producer
Dad Yes executive producer
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Yes
1990 Arachnophobia Yes executive producer
Dreams Yes executive producer
Back to the Future Part III Yes executive producer
Gremlins 2: The New Batch Yes executive producer
Joe Versus the Volcano Yes executive producer
Roller Coaster Rabbit Yes executive producer
1991 A Wish for Wings That Work Yes executive producer
An American Tail: Fievel Goes West Yes
Cape Fear Yes executive producer
Hook Yes
Tiny Toon Adventures: How I Spent My Vacation Yes executive producer
A Brief History of Time Yes executive producer
1993 Jurassic Park Yes Yes
We’re Back! A Dinosaur’s Story Yes executive producer
Schindler’s List Yes Yes
1994 The Flintstones Yes executive producer
1995 Casper Yes executive producer
Balto Yes executive producer
1996 Twister Yes executive producer
1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park Yes Yes Brief cameo in television reflection at the end of the film
Men in Black Yes executive producer
Amistad Yes Yes
1998 Saving Private Ryan Yes Yes
The Last Days Yes executive producer
The Mask of Zorro Yes executive producer
Deep Impact Yes executive producer
1999 Wakko’s Wish Yes executive producer
Medal of Honor Yes Video game, original concept
2000 Shooting War Yes executive producer
2001 A.I. Artificial Intelligence Yes Yes Yes
Jurassic Park III Yes executive producer
Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures Yes Himself
Vanilla Sky Yes Guest at David Aames’ Party
2002 Minority Report Yes
Men in Black II Yes executive producer
Austin Powers in Goldmember Yes Himself
Catch Me If You Can Yes Yes
2003 Double Dare Yes Himself
2004 The Cutting Edge: The Magic of Movie Editing Yes Himself
The Terminal Yes Yes
2005 Directed by John Ford Yes Himself
War of the Worlds Yes
The Legend of Zorro Yes executive producer
Memoirs of a Geisha Yes
Munich Yes Yes
2006 Flags of Our Fathers Yes
Letters from Iwo Jima Yes
Monster House Yes executive producer
The Shark Is Still Working Yes Himself
2007 Transformers Yes executive producer
2008 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Yes
Eagle Eye Yes executive producer
2009 Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Yes executive producer
The Lovely Bones Yes executive producer
2010 Hollywood Don’t Surf! Yes Himself
Hereafter Yes executive producer
True Grit Yes executive producer
2011 Paul Yes Himself
Super 8 Yes
Transformers: Dark of the Moon Yes executive producer
Cowboys & Aliens Yes executive producer
Real Steel Yes executive producer
The Adventures of Tintin Yes Yes
War Horse Yes Yes
2012 Men in Black 3 Yes executive producer
Lincoln Yes Yes
2013 Delivery Man Yes
2014 Transformers 4 Yes executive producer
The Hundred-Foot Journey Yes
2015 American Sniper Yes executive producer
The Adventures of Tintin: Prisoners of the Sun Yes executive producer

Critical reception

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
The Sugarland Express 92% N/A
Jaws 100% 79
Close Encounters of the Third Kind 95% N/A
1941 32% N/A
Raiders of the Lost Ark 95% 90
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 98% 94
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 85% N/A
The Color Purple 88% 62
Empire of the Sun 82% 60
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade 89% 65
Always 64% N/A
Hook 31% N/A
Jurassic Park 92% 68
Schindler’s List 97% 93
The Lost World: Jurassic Park 52% 59
Amistad 76% 63
Saving Private Ryan 93% 90
A.I. Artificial Intelligence 73% 65
Minority Report 92% 80
Catch Me If You Can 96% 76
The Terminal 60% 55
War of the Worlds 74% 73
Munich 78% 74
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull 78% 65
The Adventures of Tintin 75% 68
War Horse 77% 72
Lincoln 89% 86
Average 79.7% 73

Awards

Steven Spielberg’s films have been nominated for over 200 major awards.

Year Film Academy Award nominations Academy Award wins Golden Globe nominations Golden Globe wins BAFTA nominations BAFTA wins
1975 Jaws 4 3 4 1 3 1
1977 Close Encounters of the Third Kind 8 2 4
1979 1941 3
1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark 9 5 1 2
1982 E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial 9 4 5 1 2
1984 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 2 1 1
1985 The Color Purple 11 5 1
1987 Empire of the Sun 6 2 6 3
1989 Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade 3 1 1 3
1991 Hook 5 1
1993 Jurassic Park 3 3 2 1
1993 Schindler’s List 12 7 6 3 11 7
1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park 1
1997 Amistad 4 4
1998 Saving Private Ryan 11 5 5 3 10 2
2001 A.I. Artificial Intelligence 2 3 1
2002 Minority Report 1 1
2002 Catch Me If You Can 2 1 4 1
2005 War of the Worlds 3
2005 Munich 5 2
2008 Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull 1
2011 The Adventures of Tintin 1 1 1 1
2011 War Horse 6 2 5
2012 Lincoln 12 2 7 1 10 1
Total 123 33 54 11 62 16
برچسب ها
نمایش بیشتر

دیدگاهتان را بنویسید

نشانی ایمیل شما منتشر نخواهد شد. بخش‌های موردنیاز علامت‌گذاری شده‌اند *

بستن
بستن

Adblock رو غیر فعال کنید

بخشی از درآمد سایت با تبلیغات تامین می شود لطفا با غیر فعال کردن ad blocker از ما حمایت کنید